As early as this week, the US State Department is expected to reveal the list of businesses that could become subject to punitive measures for working on the pipeline. The list will reportedly include enterprises providing insurance, helping to lay the undersea pipeline, and verifying the project’s construction equipment.
In December, the US Congress approved a fresh package of sanctions against the project. The measures hit firms providing insurance and verifying works that are necessary for completing the pipeline. Companies that are engaged in the modernization and installation of welding equipment on vessels involved in the construction works are also subject to the penalties, which came into force on January 1.
In November, Norwegian certifier Det Norske Veritas-Germanischer Lloyd pulled out the project under the threat of US sanctions.
The pipeline is being constructed by Gazprom subsidiary Nord Stream 2 AG in close cooperation with several European energy majors. The gas route, which runs under the Baltic Sea, is set to double the existing pipeline’s capacity of 55 billion cubic meters annually via two 1.2km lines. The pipeline goes to Germany through the maritime territories of Russia, Finland, Sweden and Denmark.
The project has been criticized by the White House, which has warned the European Union about over-reliance on Russian energy supplies, while accusing Moscow of monopolizing the European energy market.
In an attempt to increase sales of US liquefied natural gas to Europe, Washington introduced special guidelines for its Protecting Europe’s Energy Security Act (PEESA), which enable the State Department to impose sanctions on each and every enterprise cooperating with the energy project.